Popular systems and methods of teeth whitening in dentistry

teeth whitening systems in dentistry

The main sign of a happy person, of course, is a happy smile. But it happens that people are just ashamed to smile. This can be due to tissues and elements of the oral cavity, unpleasant odor, missing teeth or yellow enamel diseases. By the way, the latter situation can be successfully solved, because dental clinics use many popular and time-tested bleaching systems. In this article, we will explain everything about modern teeth whitening methods in the clinic and at home, learn the opinions of dentists about the best method of whitening.

Classification of bleaching systems

All existing teeth whitening complexes can be divided into two types - professional (performed only by a dentist) and for home use (performed outside the clinic). Below we will describe in detail the classification of bleaching methods.

Important!Regardless of which method the patient chooses to whiten, doctors recommend professional cleaning with enamel 5-7 days before the procedure. It is necessary to clean the plaque and bacterial film qualitatively. Otherwise, the clarification may not give the expected results.

Features of professional systems

Bleaching products and devices used by dental hygienists are improved every year. The complexes produced in the USA and Europe are mainly used - they have stood the test of time and lead to excellent results.

According to the patient, professional methods of teeth whitening in dentistry have a number of important advantages:

  • speed of success: only 1 visit is needed to make a smile shine,
  • brightness: 8-12 tons of enamel will turn white,
  • whiten the exterior and interior of the enamel,
  • The
  • effect lasts from 6 months to 3 years.

Disadvantages include high cost, pain in some methods, contraindications.

Professional System Techniques

The following types of teeth whitening are available at the dental clinic:

how to whiten teeth in the clinic
  1. chemical:A layer of hydrogen peroxide gel is applied to the tooth enamel. Wash off after 15 minutes, the procedure is repeated up to 6 applications in one session. In addition to peroxide, fluorides and trace elements are added to such gels for remineralization. An important feature of this method is that the composition acts independently without any external activators;
  2. bleaching:enamel is also treated with a unique gel. The components are activated by bright lights (LED-radiation or ultraviolet) devices. The components, oxygen and hydrogen peroxide in general, brighten the enamel, penetrating not only the structure of the outer shell, but also the dentin;
  3. laser:Activation of reagents occurs under the influence of a laser. Bleaching components penetrate the enamel and lighten pigmentation. Sometimes it is an accurate and effective method that allows you to eliminate the effects of even "tetracycline teeth". But it is also the most expensive.

Attention!Professional bleaching is performed only by a qualified specialist and only in one clinic. The effects of medications and lighting devices are monitored by the dentist throughout the entire procedure. Therefore, this technique is considered the most delicate and safe.

The above methods have proven to be very good for blackening enamel. What about patients who receive coloring pigments into the internal tissues of the teeth after poor depulpation? In this case, intracanal bleaching is used - the canal is cleaned, a temporary filling with sodium perborate is installed (shows an excellent bleaching effect) and after 3-5 days the canal is closed with a permanent filling.

Home Bleaching Systems

Everyone has bought a paste with a bleaching effect at least once in their life - this is the most popular advertising product for enamel gloss. In recent years, the shelves of shops and pharmacies have been expanded by other means. They will be discussed below.

Types of home bleaching:

  • 8-10 ton lighting complex:one gel containing active substance and universal silicone mouth protector, course duration 14 days,
  • bleaching strips:There is a bleaching agent on one edge that is securely attached to the edge of the tooth. Maximum whiteness is noticeable with 10-14 procedures,
  • pen-gel:2 tons of reduced enamel is obtained thanks to hydrogen peroxide, the composition is distributed with a special brush,
  • glossy gel:looks like a shiny enamel lacquer coating. It is usually used in combination with abrasive particles after application of a paste.

Important to know!According to patients who have experienced both professional and home bleaching, the latter method is significantly lower than the first. The time to achieve the result is 2-4 weeks, not 1-2 times in the clinic. The effect is less than indicated in the advertisement - the actual lighting is a maximum of 2-3 tones.

Complex hygienic cleaning - an alternative

Bleaching treatments can be harmful for some groups of patients. In this situation, the dentist uses safe professional hygiene practices. They are performed in a clinic. Professional cleaning removes dark plaque and sediment from the mine and also brightens 1-2 tones. Rotten lesions, gingivitis and periodontitis can occur during pregnancy and lactation.

Hygienic Cleaning Methods:

  • ultrasound: using a scale (ultrasound machine) gently separates plaque and plaque from the tooth surface;
  • Airflow method:The enamel is cleaned with a suspension of water, air and the smallest abrasive particles. In addition to removing interdental sediments, the surface is gently polished. Recommended immediately after ultrasound. The complex application gives excellent results in enamel gloss.

The best teeth whitening system (according to experts)

According to dentists, the 4th generation Zoom system is currently considered the best system for aesthetic lighting. The only difference from Zoom-3 is the activation lamp. In the new section, you can directly change the intensity of ultraviolet and LED radiation during the procedure.

Bleaching gel contains 25% hydrogen peroxide, remineralizing agents and a light-sensitive activator. Under the influence of the lamp, the components of the gel begin to destroy them by interacting with the pigments in the enamel. At the same time, reducing agents enter the tissues.

Before the procedure, the patient is put on glasses, a retractor is installed in the oral cavity - the gums are lubricated with a "liquid rubber band" to prevent the bride from falling into the mucous membrane. The gel is applied to the front of the teeth, the Zoom device is open. It is possible to perform 3-4 applications in one session. After the procedure, the doctor will prescribe a diet and hygiene promotion to get an excellent result.

“I was skeptical for a long time, but I still decided to bleach Zoom. It took about a week to prepare for the procedure - professional cleaning and enamel restoration. I probably took an anesthetic pill before going to the clinic. The procedure itself is completely painless. It took about an hour on time - there were 3 sets of 15 minutes. The doctor said that there are the latest devices where you can choose the intensity of light radiation. My teeth ached a little in the evening, but I woke up in the morning as if nothing had happened. Ten days later, my smile was so pale that I was still not satisfied! I always walk and smile. "

Natalie P. , women's forum review

Contraindications for each technique

Professional and home bleaching has a number of contraindications. Therefore, be sure to inform your dentist about your illness and the use of any medications and supplements during the consultation.

General contraindications to professional and home complexes:

  • rot, thin enamel and gum disease,
  • pregnancy and lactation,
  • up to 16-18 years old
  • diabetes mellitus and tumor neoplasms,
  • fillings, veneers, dental floss, any prostheses (including implants),
  • mental disorders and epilepsy.

Contraindications to Zoom:

  • ultraviolet allergy: hypersensitivity,
  • drugs: some antibiotics, hormonal contraceptives, ointments, herbal infusions have components that are activated under ultraviolet radiation
  • Allergy to gel components.

How to save the result for a long time

what not to do after teeth whitening

Bleaching is not enough for the white teeth to last long. After that, the dentist will prescribe a special diet and advise on new oral hygiene products.

For the first 10-14 days, the treatment should not be allowed to come into contact with any paint - food and cosmetics. For example, red juice, blueberries, beets, fresh carrots and herbs, coffee, wine, strong tea and ketchup are prohibited. It is better to limit yourself to light foods. Smoking is also prohibited. Women should avoid using bright lipstick.

All patients are prescribed prophylactic bleaching pastes and rinsing gels. However, the effect of bleaching will decrease over time and the procedure should be repeated for about 1-3 years.

07.09.2020